Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries research and development needs

Cover of: Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries |

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, for sale by the National Technical Information Services in Las Vegas, Nev, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Oil-shale industry -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Coal mines and mining -- Environmental aspects.,
  • Environmental impact statements.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby D. C. Jones ... [et al.] ; Radian Corporation.
SeriesEPA-600/7-77-015, EPA-600/7-77-015
ContributionsJones, D. C., Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory (Las Vegas, Nev.), Radian Corporation.
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 193 p. :
Number of Pages193
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17815702M

Download Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries

EPA/ February MONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE COAL AND OIL SHALE INDUSTRIES Research and Development Needs by D. Jones W. Clark W. Holland J.

Lacy E. Sethness Radian Corporation P.O. Box Austin, Texas Contract No. Task 25 Project Officer Robert K. Oser Office of Program. Get this from a library. Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries: research and developments needs.

[D C Jones; Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory (Las Vegas, Nev.)]. Environmental impact of the oil Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries book industry includes the consideration of issues such as land use, waste management, and water and air pollution caused by the extraction and processing of oil shale.

Surface mining of oil shale deposits causes the usual environmental impacts of open-pit addition, the combustion and thermal processing generate waste material, which.

COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. II - Environmental Impacts of Oil Shale and Pollution Control Technologies - J. Wan ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) The amount of oil sludge is about 2% of shal e oil produced; its form ation causes not only the loss of shale oil but also pollution of environment.

A Preliminary Assessment of the Environmental Impacts from Oil Shale Developments Interagency energy-environment research and development program: Publisher: Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Original from: the University of California: Digitized: Jan Shale Oil and Gas Research Institute, Peking University, BeijingChina Abstract: Through comprehensive investigation of the environmental issues in shale gas development in the US, the environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing in shale gas development are summarized to provide reference for the shale gas development and man- agement Cited by:   The environmental impact of coal and oil Letters.

the carbon floor price should be raised in line with the environmental damage caused by the fuel being burned; additional pollution produced.

Extracting and processing shale oil is an expensive and difficult process. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are less expensive to extract. Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and South Africa began mining oil shale in the 19th and 20th centuries, but they all stopped production by the s.

The U.S. ceased production in the early s. The environmental impact of the coal industry includes issues such as land use, waste management, water and air pollution, caused by the coal mining, processing and the use of its addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization.

Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects.

Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil. Environmental impact is defined as any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s activities, products, or services.

Significant environmental impacts may result from the addition to the environment of various substances from coal combustion, nuclear plant or fuel cycle. The U.S. was bullish on oil shale during the ’s oil shocks, but when gas prices fell again, so did the enthusiasm for oil shale.

American companies didn’t look into mining domestic oil shale again until —again, thanks to spiking oil prices. George W. Bush’s Energy Policy Act of officially opened federal lands to oil shale. @article{osti_, title = {Industrial hygiene monitoring needs for the coal conversion and oil shale Monitoring environmental impacts of the coal and oil shale industries book.

Study group report}, author = {White, Otto and Morris, Samuel and Cessario, Thomas R. and Baier, Edward and Brief, Richard and Corn, Morton and Ettinger, Harry and Fraser, David and Lippman, Morton and Sharkey, Andrew}, abstractNote = {Conclusions of a.

The report: • Summarizes available information on oil shale resources • Summarizes major air, water, solid waste, health, and other environmental impacts • Analyzes applicable pollution control technology • Provides guidance for sampling, analyzing, and monitoring emissions, effluents, and solid wastes from oil shale processes The.

Unconventional shale gas and oil: overview of ecological impacts Subscribe to free weekly News Alert 18 December Issue Source: Brittingham, M. C., Maloney, K.

O., Farag, A. et al. Ecological Risks of Shale Oil and Gas Development to Wildlife, Aquatic Resources and their Habitats. Environmental Science & Technology. Early online. Environmental impact of oil shale mining with and without backfilling 24 and 28 Mt/y production rate was evaluated for the future and compared with the past.

Emission sources from the oil and gas sector in the Barnett Shale area were divided into point sources, which included compressor engine exhausts and. Oil remains the world's biggest energy source, but coal is closing the gap and could become the world's top fuel. Indeed, last year, coal reached its Author: John Hanger.

Environmental Impacts of Mining is a comprehensive reference addressing some of the most significant environmental problems associated with mining.

These issues include destruction of landscapes, destruction of agricultural and forest lands, sedimentation and erosion, soil contamination, surface and groundwater pollution, air pollution, and Brand: CRC Press. Purchase Groundwater Monitoring Handbook for Coal and Oil Shale Development, Volume 24 - 1st Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNPages: Study on the management of environmental impacts and risks of tight gas, tight oil and coal bed methane extraction (onshore) This study aims at identifying and assessing relevant measures for managing the risks resulting from unconventional fossil fuels developments other than shale gas (i.e.

tight gas, tight oil, coal bed methane). @article{osti_, title = {Preliminary thoughts on proxy PNA compounds in the vapor and solid phase}, author = {Gammage, R. B.}, abstractNote = {The possible adverse environmental impacts of polynuclear aromatic (PNA) compounds are considered. Better monitoring data for PNA compounds are needed to establish the level of worker exposure.

numerous toxic pollutants into the air, water and land [15]]. The environmental impacts of coal mining are complex and depend on the mining method and its location with respect to the place of utilisation.

Environmental impacts for coal mining range from mining subsidence, changes in ground water regimes and mining Size: KB. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS EXPLORATION AND EXPLOITATION Hydro-fracturing process for shale gas exploitation has the potential to have an impact on the environment (Fig.1).

This is causing a growing con - cern in many governments and in the involved communities because very few extensive studies and information are Size: 5MB. The report conveys EPA's understanding and perspective of oil shale development by providing (a) a summation of available information on oil shale resources, (b) a summary of major air, water, solid waste, health, and other environmental impacts, (c) a brief overview of applicable pollution control technology, (d) suggestions for the sampling, analysis, and monitoring of emissions.

The increase in shale oil and gas production in the United States follows many years of investment and research carried out by the federal government. Between andDOE invested about $ million in the Eastern Gas Shale Program, which helped demonstrate and commercialize many of the technologies in use today.

As early asa DOE. Shale oil 15 What is shale oil and tight oil. 15 Recent development of tight oil extraction 16 2. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS 17 Hydraulic fracturing and its possible impacts on the environment 17 Impacts on Landscape 20 Air Pollutant Emissions and Soil Contamination 22 Air pollutants from regular operations File Size: 1MB.

Description: This report contains the following appendices: Status and development of the oil shale industry; Procedures for ambient air monitoring; Environmental monitoring activities--past, present and proposed; Applicable Federal, state and local legislation, standards and regulations; Quality assurance bibliography; Federal and state permits required for operation of an oil shale.

Potential land impacts including earthquakes (or induced seismicity) have also gained public attention. InEnvironment Canada commissioned the Council of Canadian Academies to conduct a study on the state of knowledge of the environmental impacts associated with shale gas development in Canada.

The report concluded that there are gaps in. Shale gas has now become a major competing source of energy in the international energy mix scenario. In the European Union, the “fracking” which is the technique of extraction shale gas is facing very strong opposition based on the associated potential health risks and environmental impacts which are not currently adequately regulated.

The European Union Commission Cited by: 2. Coal mining requires large areas of land to be temporarily disturbed. Steps are taken in modern mining operations to minimise impacts on all aspects of the environment.

By carefully pre-planning projects, implementing pollution control measures, monitoring the effects of mining and rehabilitating mined areas, the coal industry minimises the. Oil shale mining has impact on the environment.

In Estonia, years of oil shale mining history provides sufficient experience and acknowledgement for estimating environmental impact for the future. The mining depth is increasing, and mining activities are moving from surface to underground by: 2.

'Deep Shale Oil and Gas' provides an introduction to shale gas resources as well as offer a basic understanding of the geomechanical properties of shale, the need for hydraulic fracturing, and an indication of shale gas processing.

The book also examines the issues regarding the nature of shale gas development, the potential environmental. Assessing the environmental impacts of coal mining using analytical hierarchy process: A case study of Jharia coal-field, India. VARINDER SAINI1, R P GUPTA1, M K ARORA2. 1Department of Earth Sciences, 2Department of Civil Engineering (Presently: Director, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, INDIA)File Size: KB.

Health Effects of Energy Resources Printed on recycled paper Introduction Energy resources (coal, oil, and natural gas) are among the added in the coal-washing process (kerosene and fuel oil) or chemicals added to promote coagulation File Size: 3MB.

Shale gas extraction raises environmental concerns in relation to: carbon dioxide (CO 2) and methane (CH 4) emissions, particularly the potential for increased fugitive CH 4 emissions during drilling compared with drilling for conventional gas; the volumes of water and the chemicals used in fracking and their subsequent disposal.

An Analysis of the Environmental Impacts of the Extraction of Shale Gas and Oil in the United States with Environmental Health and Safety Violations The average lifetime of a shale oil or gas well varies highly.

As an example, the ul-timate estimated recovery (EUR) for a natural gas well can range from a dry File Size: 3MB. The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow.

Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air Size: KB. Much has been said and written about environmental problems with nuclear power, and they will be discussed at great length in this book.

But in this chapter, we consider the wide variety of environmental problems in burning fossil fuels — coal, oil, and gas. They probably exceed those of any other human activity. Committee (STAC) convened an expert workshop to investigate the environmental effects of shale gas development in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

The purpose of this workshop was to engage scientists from across the nation in a review of the state-of-the-science regarding shale gas development effects on the Chesapeake Bay.

Please cite this report as: Broderick. J., et al:Shale gas: an updated assessment of environmental and climate change impacts. A report commissioned by The Co-operative and undertaken by researchers at the Tyndall Centre, University of ManchesterCited by: on the environmental impacts of shale gas and shale oil extraction activities (/(INI))The European Parliament, – having regard to Directive 94/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May on the conditions for granting and using authorisations for the prospection, exploration and production of hydrocarbons (1).

Abstract: “The aim of this paper is to examine the major environmental impacts of shale gas, conventional gas and coal on air, water, and land in the United States. These factors decisively affect the quality of life (public health and safety) as well as local and global environmental protection.

Comparing various lifecycle assessments, this paper will suggest .

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